Guido d'Arezzo

SUBJECT AREA: Recording
[br]
b. c. 995 Italy
d. 1050 Avellana, Italy
[br]
Italian music theorist who made important developments in musical notation.
[br]
Guido was originally a monk at the Benedictine Abbey of Pomposa, where he began to introduce innovations into the symbolic representation of music, which greatly helped in the training of choristers. Because of jealousies aroused by this work, he was obliged to leave and settled in Arezzo, capital of the province of that name in northern Italy. Around 1030 he went to Rome at the invitation of the Pope, John XIX, to explain his theories, after which he appears to have settled at the monastery of S.Croce di Fonte, Avellana, where he became prior some three years before his death. In an effort to make it easier for the choristers to maintain correct pitch and to learn the complex polyphonic chants then in development, Guido introduced two major innovations. The first was the use of a four-line staff on which the pitch of successive notes could be recorded. The second was a nomenclature for the first six notes of the major scale supposedly based on the initial syllables of a hymn said to have been composed by him, namely ut (later do), re, mi, fa, so and la. These had a dramatic effect on the learning and singing of music. He also apparently devised forms of parallel voices for plainsong.
[br]
Bibliography
Guido's work is recorded in his treatise, c.1026, Micrologus.
Further Reading
Works describing the development of music and musical notation in medieval times include: W.C.Mickelson, 1977, Hugo Riemann's History of Music Theory, Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.
S.Sadie (ed.), 1980, The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, vol. 9, London: Macmillan, 803.
KF

Biographical history of technology. - Taylor & Francis e-Librar. . 2005.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Guido von Arezzo — Guido d Arezzo Guido von Arezzo (auch: Guido d Arezzo der Ältere, (Guido) Aretinus und Guido Monaco; * um 992; † unsicher: 17. Mai 1050 in Avellano) war ein Benediktinermönch, Musiktheoretiker und Lehrer. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Guido de Arezzo — Guido Aretinus Estatua de Vitus Arretinus (Guido d Arezzo) en su localidad natal …   Wikipedia Español

  • Guido of Arezzo — or Guido Aretinus or Guido da Arezzo or Guido Monaco or Guido D Arezzo (991/992 ndash;after 1033) was a music theorist of the Medieval era. He is regarded as the inventor of modern musical notation (staff notation) that replaced neumatic… …   Wikipedia

  • Guido of Arezzo — • Article with life and summary of his contributions to musical theory and composition Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Guido of Arezzo     Guido of Arezzo      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Guido von Arezzo — (lat. Aretīnus), Musikschriftsteller, geb. um 990 nach gewöhnlicher Annahme in Arezzo, nach neuern Forschungen aber (Dom Germain Morin in der »Revue de l art chrétien«, 1888) aus der Umgegend von Paris gebürtig und erzogen im Kloster St. Maur les …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Guido von Arezzo — (Aretinus), ein Benediktinermönch zu Avellana bei Arezzo aus dem 11. Jahrh., erregte durch seine neue und äußerst erfolgreiche Methode des Gesang und Musikunterrichts bald solches Aufsehen, daß er von Papst Johann XX. nach Rom berufen wurde; da… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Guido d'Arezzo — [ä΄re tē′nō̂gwē′dō̂ dä ret′tsō̂] A.D. 990? 1050?; It. monk & musical theoretician: also called Guido Aretino [ä΄re tē′nō̂] …   English World dictionary

  • Guido de Arezzo — (Guido d´Arezzo) ► (990? 1050) Monje benedictino italiano. Se le atribuye la creación del pentagrama y dio nombre a las seis primeras notas de la escala, usando la primera sílaba de cada verso del himno a san Juan, de Pablo Diácono …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Guido d'Arezzo — Statue von Guido von Arezzo. Guido von Arezzo (auch: Guido d Arezzo der Ältere, (Guido) Aretinus und Guido Monaco; * um 992; † unsicher: 17. Mai 1050) in Avellano war ein Benediktinermönch, Musiktheoretiker und Lehrer. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Guido d'Arezzo — Pour les articles homonymes, voir saint Guy. Guido d Arezzo Guido d Arezzo en français parfois Gui ou Guy d Arezzo, voire Gui l Arétin, en latin Guido Aretinus, en italien parfois Guido Monaco est l un des saints …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Guido d'Arezzo — Guidonian /gwi doh nee euhn/, adj. /gwee daw dah rddet tsaw/, (Guido Aretinus) ( Fra Guittone ) c995 1049?, Italian monk and music theorist: reformer of musical notation. * * * born с 990, Arezzo? died 1050, Avellana? Italian music theorist. A… …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.